In detail

The 4 types of human temperament

The 4 types of human temperament

In this article we will talk about one of the oldest personality type classification systems in the world, that of the four temperaments. The origins of this typology belong to Greco-Arabic medicine, where it was used for many years to treat diseases. In fact, this system is still used today by practitioners of traditional medicine throughout the world.


  • 1 The four Temperaments
  • 2 Type of blood personality
  • 3 Phlegmatic personality type
  • 4 Wrathful personality type
  • 5 Type of melancholic personality

The four temperaments

It is based on the four personality types that Hippocrates, one of the best known doctors in ancient Greece, established based on human behaviors.

This typology was based on an old medical concept that proposed that people we have four different types of "humor". When talking about "humor" they were referring to the body fluids that are present in the human body. Different people have different proportions of these fluids; The predominance of a fluid defines its temperament and psychological type. These are the four temperaments and their predominant moods (body fluids):

  • Optimistic: the blood
  • Phlegmatic: phlegm
  • Choleric: yellow bile
  • Melancholic: black bile

The predominance of humor is said to affect one's own appearance and personal behavior. However, most people do not possess a pure temperament, but a type of mixed temperament in which one of the four types predominates.

Modern medicine rejects this typology, but many new personality theories It develops from this ancient concept, often disguised with different names. For example, Dr. Helen Fisher's personality types: Explorer, Negotiator, Director and Builder, have a striking resemblance to the types blood, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholicrespectively. Luckily this does not minimize the value of your original research.

Modern psychology is not much kinder to the concept of the four temperaments and, in general, most personality theories completely rule them out. Despite this, the use of terms - blood, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic - persists in the scientific language of psychology.

Type of blood personality

It is characteristic of lively, cheerful, optimistic, friendly, communicative, warm but thoughtless people with a rather variable mood. They love adventure and have a high risk tolerance. In general, blood people do not know how to tolerate boredom and will eagerly seek variety and entertainment. Needless to say, this trait can sometimes negatively affect your romantic relationships. Because this temperament is prone to behaviors that seek pleasure. Their constant cravings can lead them to overeat or substance abuse.

These people are very creative and can become great artists. In addition, they are fantastic animators and will naturally do well if they choose careers in the entertainment industry. Their natural capacities will also serve them, if they wish, for work related to:

  • marketing,
  • travel,
  • fashion,
  • kitchen,
  • sports.

Phlegmatic Personality Type

Someone with the phlegmatic personality type is usually a person in search of interpersonal harmony and close relationships. Phlegmatic people are faithful spouses and loving parents. They retain their relationships with old friends, distant relatives and neighbors. They tend to avoid conflicts and always try to mediate among others to restore peace and harmony.

They are generous and are inclined to help others. The ideal professions for personality types are usually related to:

  • Nursing,
  • teaching,
  • psychology,
  • child care,
  • social services.

Wrathful Personality Type

Someone with the pure choleric temperament would be a person oriented basically to objectives. People with this type of personality are very intelligent, analytical and logical. They are not usually very good companions. They don't like to chat for a chat, they enjoy more deep and meaningful conversations. They prefer to be alone than in the company of shallow and superficial people. Ideally, they want to spend time with people who have similar professional interests.

The ideal jobs for personality type are related to the following activity sectors:

  • administration,
  • technology,
  • statistics,
  • engineering,
  • programming,
  • business.

Melancholic Personality Type

People with melancholic personality are introverts and prudent. They are quite reserved and always remain attentive to anything that happens around them. They take their time to calculate each and every one of their movements and prefer to act on their own. They love family life and their friends and, unlike blood temperament, they don't seek novelty and adventure. In fact, they avoid it at all costs. A person with a melancholic temper is very unlikely to marry a foreigner or leave their homeland to move to another country. They are very social and try to contribute to the community. They are also usually extremely tidy and fantastic managers.

The perfect trades for the melancholic personality type are usually in:

  • management,
  • accounting,
  • social work,
  • administration.

80 Hippocrates phrases about health and medicine