The serial killers They've been demanding our attention since Jack the Ripper appeared. Since then, we all have a morbid interest in knowing what goes through the minds of these people. Today, we explain it to you.
What exactly is a serial killer?
Although it might seem that the term "serial killer" is an invention of the press and with an open definition to interpretation, the truth is that it is not so. In psychology and psychiatry there is a concrete definition to identify the serial killer.
A serial killer is a person who kill three or more people in a time span of 30 days or less, which has a "cooling" period between one murder and another, and whose motivation is the pleasure that this crime brings.
Although the mark of the three deaths is arbitrary (they could be two or four, or more, there is no reason for them to be three), and so is the time (they could be two months instead of one), what It is true that the other two points are very relevant and identifiable.
First, there has to be a cooling period between murder and murder. Why? Because if you have a psychotic outbreak, you enter a bar, and kill 20 people, you cannot be considered a serial killer. You killed 20 because there were 20, if there was only one, you would have killed one.
Second, there has to be a psychological gratification in said crime. That is, it is not a revenge, it is not to settle an account, it is not an idea or an organization. It is because crime itself gives pleasure to whoever executes it.
The most common cause of the serial killer is Any trauma that has not been properly accepted.
For example, the rejection of a girlfriend or an oppressive mother can be the triggers of this type of mental problems in certain personalities, which lead to the murders, turning the specific victim into a representation of said bride or said mother (or any other example).
What traits define you?
The most identifying thing about a serial killer is his transit process from being a normal person to becoming the serial killer in question. Here are the steps, described by psychologists and psychiatrists:
1. Aura phase: It is the moment in which the potential serial killer reveals a mental confusion in which he mixes fantasy and reality. Generally, they are fantasies related to power cravings and sexual perversions. Gradually, fantasy and reality become inseparable for him.
2. Search phase: It is the moment in which he decides to carry out the crime and looks for a victim adjusted to his “needs”. Many potential serial killers stop at this point, and it is enough for them to recreate the idea that they perpetrate the crime, without ever doing so.
3. Seduction phase: If the simple idea is not enough, the phase of seduction will begin, which consists of contacting the potential victim, posing as someone normal, to lower the guard and then attack. Some (few) potential serial killers, upon reaching this stage, are content and back down, without reaching the crime.
4. Hunting phase: If they are not able to be content with the contact, the hunting phase begins, at which time traps are set to bring the victim to an optimal situation for the crime. This phase can last for months, weeks or a few moments.
5. Capture phase: It's the moment when the serial killer removes his mask and uses force, showing his goals. Psychologists define this phase as a phase of no return, because the victim has already realized his intentions and it is impossible for the murderer to back down.
6. Murder phase: This is when the serial killer is totally oblivious to reality, and recreates himself in the perpetration of the crime as he had imagined it, with all its details (that is why they can become very gloomy murders).
7. Depression phase: Finally, the serial killer verifies that the murder has not been as pleasant as he expected in his fantasies, or that he has not been allowed to end the trauma he was dragging, and he adds to the depression. This does not mean that you have regrets.
In addition, to overcome this depression, the most common is to repeat the cycle endlessly. That is why the serial killer has an addict's own behavior.
As you can see, the serial killer has different defining features that can help us locate them. However, these features are not always in sight. So ... Be very careful!
Robert Hare's Psychopathy Test